Indonesia Dangerous Snake
This article is also available in Bahasa. Click the word below.
If you visit Indonesia, you'll find many tropical forest. And in the tropical forest, it definitely many reptile you'll going to meet. And then when you found reptiles, you'll going to face a snakes. Not all snakes in tropical areas is a highly venomous snakes. They are snakes in middle level of venom, a lite venom, and of course a high venom.
Like when you are in the mangrove areas or coastal, there will be a snake with a skin style like a police line (mixture between black and yellow). It called Boiga snake (Boiga dendrophila) or a mangrove snake. Boiga has a middle level of venom that if the venom injected to human blood, the victim will occur a lite pain, but it depend on their health condition. It could be heavier if there's something problem with the health.
And when you going more far to the higher landscape areas, where there are a river, natural water sources with its canals, you'll encounter a quite similiar snakes like Boiga, but with more clear mixture of black-white color or black-yellow color. That snakes called krait snakes of Bungarus sp. and commonly three species spread in western Indonesia area: Bungarus candidus, Bungarus fasciatus, and Bungarus flaviceps. If you meet that kind of snakes, is a very wise step if you consider to avoid it. Because that kind of snakes contains a deadly elements in its venom liquid.
For our ilustration, you serve a 100 syringes fills with water and then plung all the water into one pot. And then in the pot, you put the venom of krait for just only 4 μg and mix it with the water. After that, insert again the water into 100 syringes. Inject those water to 100 adult people. You'll see 50 people die and the rest will still make it but severe pain. That is what we called lethal dose 50 or a doses to kill 50% population. Krait venom needs only 4 μg to inject into human blood and can be killing or made us in pain.
For a foreigner and tourists, Java and Bali are a favorite areas in Indonesia to visit. Both are because of vacation and business reasons. Java and Bali has a unique and beautiful spots of nature along with its exotic animals. And for you who consider to stay longer in Java and Bali, you should know about what deadly venomous snakes you'll going to face.
From the direct survey with KPU Independen Indonesia members or Snake Lover Community in Indonesia, there are six species of highly venomous snakes that often encounter with human, in public areas and in the forest. Those are cobras (Naja sputarix and Naja sumatrana), blue krait (Bungarus candidus), green viper (Trimeresurus albolaris and Trimeresurus insularis), soil snake (Calloselasma rhodostoma), red-necked keelback (Rhabdopsis subminiatus), and chili snake (Calliophis intestinalis).
1. Naja or cobras
This species of snakes needs only 7 μg (as discussed in recent paragraph) to kills a half of human population. Adequate level of venom in the blood can bring death. Luckily Indonesia has antidote for this kind of snake venom, along with blue krait and soil snake. And surely, one injection for the antidote will cost expensive price. This snake is a quite well-adapted snake, that could live in human habitat. So if there are mouse and frogs in our house, it could be also cobras sneak in there.
2. Blue krait
As explained in the third paragraph of this article, blue krait has more powerful venom than cobras. It only take 4 μg, less than cobra's venom needs to kill. And the more dangerous information is, this kind of snake looks pleasant to kids and when it bite, the victim will only feels itchy. But around 20-45 minutes after got bitten, they going to felt so sleepy, until they're fall asleep and never get awake. But this snake is a quite picky for its living area. They often choose an area with clean and healthy water. So beware if you taking vacation in a river areas.
3. Green viper
|Photo : Tribunnews|
This snake also have worth deadly venom with cobras. As the latest information from the experts, Indonesia still hasn't the antidote for this snake bite. This kind of snake are commonly found in the forest, farms, and even a lush gardens around the housing areas. To avoid these snake, pay attention to its tail, because this snake have a nickname "deadly red-tail" by the local people.
4. Soil snake
Many people refer this snake as a land mine snake. It is because its ability of camouflage between the dry leaves. Many victim of this snake told that they are accidentally stepped and got bitten. After the bites (because this snake can do multiply attacking) their skin felt like burning from inside. Next, the pain will continue spread as the venom follows the lymph, until the victim will severe systemic problems. Many people died when they comes to systemic problems.
5. Red-necked keelback
Beside has deadly venom worth soil snake, this snake also have a poison in its skin. Venom means some deadly materials that flows into the blood and poison means dangerous elements when touched or swallowed. This snake have both dangerous things in it. Just beware of its exotic texture and skin style because those are fatal to human.
6. Chili snake
Called chili snake by local people because this snake is tiny. It can sneak into a gap beneath the door because of its small body. And because of its interesting color-mixture in its skin, its slow movement, this small snake often underestimated. Whereas this snake have a huge potent of deadly venom. The level of venom can compare to an adult krait and it attacking a respiratory system of its victim. Many people died because unconscious after severe hard breathing.